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Canada's climate

Canada’s Climate: Is It Really that Cold?!

You may know what Canada’s climate is like, and definitely, you’ve heard that this country is associated with cold weather and snow. But it’s interesting to know that Canada enjoys four distinct seasons, and daytime temperature in summer may rise to 35 °C and higher, and decreasing to -25°C is not uncommon in winter, thanks to heated houses infrastructure. Autumn is cool and colored by rich orange and red leaves on trees, and for good news, spring is generally pleasant. 


This section will discuss the climate of Canada, the most crucial climate feature, etc., and provide you with general information in this regard. So, keep reading if you want to be familiarized with Canada’s climate.

Mountain from Banff, Alberta, showcasing Canada's climate

Mountain from Banff, Alberta

The most important features of Canada’s climate

  • The most significant part of Canada has a continental climate.
  • In noncoastal regions, snow can cover the ground almost six months of the year.
  • The highest Canada average temperature by year belongs to British Columbia; the lowest average yearly temperature belongs to Nunavut.
  • Canada is home to the world’s ninth-largest wind generating fleet.
  • Canada’s seasonal average precipitation departures have shown an overall upward progression for every four seasons from 1948 to 2014.
  • Alberta is the most polluted province in Canada.
  • Calgary, Edmonton, and Manitoba’s Winnipeg are the sunniest cities in Canada.

What is Canada’s climate like?

The average winter and summer temperatures vary across Canada according to the location. The most significant part of Canada has a continental climate, though. Winters may be harsh in many country regions, particularly in Prairie Provinces, which experience a continental climate. 

The daily average temperatures in these areas can be near -15 degrees Celsius; this temperature can even drop below -40 degrees Celsius with severe wind chills. Snow can cover the ground six months of the year in noncoastal regions. The following table shows Canada’s average low, average, and average high temperatures of weather stations in provinces and territories across Canada based on the climate period from 2016 to 2020. 

Annual temperature of Canada, showcasing Canada's climate
Annual temperature of Canada

Average annual wind speed at Canadian cities

Since Canada is one of the windiest countries globally, a large amount of wind energy was built in Canada between 2009 and 2019. This energy is generating enough power to supply the power of over three million Canadian homes. The following tables show each province and territory’s normal annual wind speed, in kilometers per hour (km/h) by month:

Average wind speed, showcasing Canada's climate
Average wind speed

The average wind speed in kilometers per hour in Canada’s provinces and territories by season and year:

Average seasonal and annual wind speed, showcasing Canada's climate
Average seasonal and annual wind speed

What is the average precipitation in Canada?

Canada’s climate has been getting wetter since the mid-1970s. Rainfall in Canada varies in the arid regions from the mountains annually. The southern temperate areas receive up to 1016mm of rainfall evenly throughout the year. Snowfall is abundant in the north, receiving the least sunshine of fewer than 1500 hours annually. The average monthly rainfall in each province and territory in recent years is as follows:

precipitation of Canada, showcasing Canada's climate
precipitation of Canada

The average rainfall in Canada provinces and territories by season and year in recent years is as follows:

Average seasonal and annual precipitation
Average seasonal and annual precipitation

Since there was no valid data for PEI in the reference period, 2008-2012 was the calculation reference. 

Air Pollution levels are relatively low in Canada

Based on the studies, Canada ranks 9th among the 33 richest and cleanest countries on the planet for overall air quality. Compared to other countries, air pollution levels are relatively low. With the release of pollutants, pollution problems such as fog, smoke, and acid rain are created in the atmosphere. These pollutants are released due to human activities such as transportation, burning fuel for electricity and heating, and various industrial activities. However, air pollution still is remained as a concern for the Government of Canada.

Do you know that Calgary has the Sunniest Climate in Canada?

In a glance at Canada’s climate, we find out that

  • Calgary, located in Alberta, is the sunniest city in the country, with 52% of the daylight hours in this city being sunny. 
  • Edmonton, Another municipality in Alberta, is also well-known for being a sunny city in this country.
  • Manitoba’s Winnipeg is one of the sunniest cities, with 51% sunny daylight hours.
  • Regina and Saskatoon are also among the ten sunniest cities in the country.
  • Hamilton, Toronto, Thunder Bay, and Ottawa are Ontario’s sunniest cities.
  • Victoria, located in British Columbia, receives 2109 hours of bright sunshine a year and 308 sunny days a year.

The final statement on Canada’s Climate

So far, we have talked about Canada’s climate. You noticed that Canada has a continental climate. However, this country may be harsh in some regions. You also get familiarized with Canada’s average temperature, average annual wind speed, and average precipitation. We hope you have enjoyed reading this article

Thank you, dear audiences, for your attention. Now that you’ve learned more about Canada let us know if you want to know more about Canada’s geographyYou can also read more about Canada’s PoliticsEconomySocio-cultural, and history.

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